Need for new methods
The institutional environment in which transitions take place has become increasingly diverse and dynamic. New and experimental methods can help to learn from institutional change, such as living labs that gain new insights into the microprocessing of change. New methods can build on the aforementioned methods, such as incremental change, institutional logics and comparative methods. This can lead to new insights into the institutional mechanisms that determine the effectiveness and lifespan of transitions. For example, what could cause existing power structures that have an interest in maintaining the status quo to be subverted? Or understand why many attempts at desired social change fail and only a few are successful. This means that we must also distinguish between aspects of institutions that are changeable and negotiable, under what conditions, how, and by whom? An important aspect in this is the time factor, which requires methods that go beyond a snapshot and offer the possibility to observe and monitor for a longer period of time. At the same time, historical insights can help by providing insight into how current societal challenges have been solved in the past. After all, innovation is timeless.